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Pneumonia is an inflammation of the air sacs in the lungs, most commonly due to an infection which may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.


Many germs can cause pneumonia. The most common are bacteria and viruses in the air we breathe. Bacterial pneumonia is the most common type in adults.



Symptoms of pneumonia may include:

  • Cough. You will likely cough up mucus (sputum) from your lungs. Mucus may be rusty or green or tinged with blood.

  • Fever.

  • Fast breathing and feeling short of breath.

  • Shaking and "teeth-chattering" chills.

  • Chest pain that often feels worse when you cough or breathe in.

  • Fast heartbeat.

  • Feeling very tired or very weak.


Risk factors

People in these at risk groups include:

  • babies and young children from 2 years and below

  • people over age 65

  • people with long-term heart, lung and kidney diseases, or diabetes

  • people with cancer, especially those having chemotherapy

  • people who smoke or drink alcohol to excess


In addition to vaccination, there are other things you can to avoid pneumonia:

  • If you smoke, try to quit. Smoking makes you more susceptible to respiratory infections, especially pneumonia.

  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water.

  • Cover your coughs and sneezes, and dispose of used tissues promptly.

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle to strengthen your immune system. Get enough rest, eat a healthy diet, and get regular exercise.

  • You can also lower your chances of getting pneumonia by staying away from people who have a cold, measles, or chickenpox. You may get pneumonia after you have one of these illnesses.



Mild pneumonia can usually be treated at home. If pneumonia is caused by bacteria, your doctor will give you antibiotics. These almost always cure pneumonia caused by bacteria. Be sure to take the antibiotics exactly as instructed. Unless a healthcare professional tells you otherwise, you should always finish taking a prescribed course of antibiotics, even if you feel better.



Culled from Staywellworld blog post dated December 08, 2017.

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